The role of local water conditions in distribution of raised bogs in mountainous areas: case study of the Polish carpathian mountains

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Adam Łajczak
peat, bogs, local waters, raised bogs



It has been often argued that the formation of peat bogs, especially of the raised type, is predominantly influenced by a humid climate (precipitation greatly exceeds evaporation during the vegetation growth season). In many areas, even in mountains, where precipitation during vegetation growth season is greater than evaporation, raised bogs do not cover all gently sloping areas and valley bottoms and often develop within certain landforms with specific hydrological conditions. In the flysch Carpathian Mountains local water conditions determined by land relief and bedrock structure are the most crucial factor in the development of peat bogs. This study covers bogs in selected areas in the Polish Carpathians: intramountain basins, floors of river valleys...