Proceedings of the 15th International Peat Congress
disturbance, ecosystem, groundwater-level, photosynthesis, respiration
The features of the carbon balance of tropical peat swamp forest, such as seasonal variation, environmental controlsand distrubance effects, are described based on long-term field monitoring of CO2 flux at three tropical peat ecosystems with different disturbance degrees in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia.
Keywords: Disturbance, ecosystem, groundwater level, photosynthesis, respiration
Tropical peat swamp forest (PSF) is a unique ecosystem rich in carbon and water, which is widelydistributed in Southeast Asia‘s coastal lowlands, mainly in Indonesia and Malaysia. The ecosystem has accumulateda huge amount of organic carbon as peat soil over millennia under the condition of high groundwater level (GWL).However, the PSF has been degraded by logging and drainage, and many of PSFs were…