Proceedings of the 15th International Peat Congress
age, early-and-modern-ways-of-exploitation, stratigraphy
Geohistory of tropical peatlands in Southeast Asia and a historical retrospect of the exploitation are presented.
Keywords: Age, stratigraphy, early and modern ways of exploitation.
Coastal plains of the Malay Peninsula, Sumatra and Borneo bordering the Sunda Sea were, and still are
partly, the realm of swamp forests which included mangrove at seaward outskirts, freshwater swamp forests in the
tidal zone, and peat swamp forests inland. Under natural conditions, the ground surface is covered by tropical
woody peat layers of varying thickness. These peatlands emerged through the Holocene submersion of the vast and
flat terrains at the periphery of the former Sunda Land, and the productive tropical rain forests which expanded over…