Proceedings of the 14th International Peat Congress
balneology, decomposition, fulvic-acids, humic-acids, mire, peat
Theme VI. Balnelogical, medicinal and therapeutical use of peat
The balneological Peat Researches were made in Estonia, in the Republic of Korea and in the North Ireland in 2005 and 2008. Altogether 8 mires were investigated for the balneological purpose and 22 peat samples were tested in the laboratory. In the field the balneological peat researches concentrat-ed in the mire site types, peat types, degree of the decomposition of peat, thickness of the peat de-posits, subsoil types and hydrological conditions. The peat samples were taken by the peat corer for more detailed analyses. The variation of the pH-value, ash content, sulphur content and water con-tent were typical for the natural peat types. The variation of the amounts of humic acids and fulvic acids were quite large compared with the results of the Finnish peat researches. The results of the researches certified, that properties of well decomposed peat are quite similar in these countries. The physical and chemical properties of the peat samples were in the same level as in Finnish peat types. The heat retention capacity was very good of the all tested peat samples. According to the results of these researches there were some peat deposits not suitable for the balneological purpose.